Cannabinoid variant: CBG

1 Jun 2022 | CBD



First, it is important to understand where CBG comes from. Indeed, cannabis produces a wide range of molecules, of which there are on average 100 cannabinoids. Generally, we first think of CBD (cannabidiol) and its many benefits, then of THC, considered illegal and which has a psychotropic action.

CBG is also a molecule present in hemp. Also called cannabigerol, it is a non-psychotropic cannabinoid derived from the cannabis plant. CBG levels vary between varieties of the cannabis plant, but are generally found in low amounts, making it difficult to extract.

Currently, CBG is considered to be the precursor to other cannabinoids. Indeed, while this cannabinoid might at first seem insignificant, it is actually responsible for the creation of CBD, THC and other compounds. This explains why it is generally present in concentrations below 1% in most varieties of hemp, because it will have been largely transformed.

CBD and CBG: what are the differences?

Although derived from the cannabis plant, CBD has some differences with CBG, starting with its chemical structure and its concentration rate. Indeed, as CBG is found in small quantities in plant materials, it is only recently that producers pay attention to optimizing the levels of this molecule in products such as oils, flowers, infusions, food supplements or CBD balms.

The other difference between CBD and CBG is in their affinity for cannabinoid receptors. CBD has been found to have low affinity for cannabinoid receptors, unlike CBG, which has high affinity for CB1 and CB2 cannabinoid receptors.

This affinity for cannabinoid receptors makes CBG effective in improving many health conditions. However, research is still too limited today to draw any real conclusions. Future quality research will allow a more objective comparison of these molecules.

Finally, you should know that there are also similarities between CBD and CBG. For example, even though they interact with the endocannabinoid system (ECS), CBD and CBG cannot make you feel high. They are not psychotropics.

What are the effects of CBG?

Still relatively unknown, the effects of CBG are of interest to many scientists and manufacturers of hemp-derived products. Non-psychotropic, it approaches the effects of CBD, or cannabidiol. CBG is beginning to be recognized in particular for its soothing, analgesic, anti-inflammatory and “appetite booster” benefits.

Is CBG stronger than CBD?

CBG is not known to be stronger than CBD. When cannabis is harvested, dried and processed, its CBG content is often less than 1%. This is why it is considered a “minor” cannabinoid.